“While confrontational approaches are appropriate as a reminder to batterers that violent behavior is illegal and socially unacceptable, less punitive approaches, such as those advocated by psychologists, may produce greater retention in treatment and lower rates of recidivism.”
— Pioneers in Batterer Intervention: Program Models, p. 53, by Kerry Murphy Healey, Ph.D. and Christine Smith, with Chris OSullivan, Ph.D.
“All programs may be able to improve program retention and decrease resistance to treatment by adopting culturally sensitive approaches that accommodate differences in race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status. Finally, recent research in the area of batterer typology, which points to severe personality disorders in a quarter of the batterer population, may encourage practitioners to be more open to the combined use of educational and psychotherapeutic models with some batterers.”
— Pioneers in Batterer Intervention: Program Models, p. 76, by Kerry Murphy Healey, Ph.D. and Christine Smith, with Chris OSullivan, Ph.D.
(originally posted as a comment, sorry for the repeat for those who saw it already, but it was suggested to post these as a separate entry)